Acquired Brain Injury – ABI

ABI and TBI have been used synonymously by many professionals as well as laypersons. Others, however, have reserved use of the term ABI to refer to injury to the brain after birth involving neurological insult and/or injury due to metabolic or systemic illness. Some continue to describe ABI in an all encompassing manner which includes any form of brain injury post-birth.

ABIs, however, are seen to exclude genetic, congenital, and/or degenerative (e.g., Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, Huntington’s) conditions affecting the brain. Nonetheless, as with a TBI, individuals with ABIs can also have behavioral, cognitive, physical, and social dysfunction. Recovery and rehabilitation remains specific to each ABI case since medical, social, environmental, and treatment factors vary across patients. Overall, timely and appropriate treatment remains essential to enhance outcome prognosis.